Robusta spray-dried instant coffee powder: Coffee has long become a familiar drink of Vietnamese people. Connoisseurs of coffee not only enjoy but also feel the characteristic flavor of each variety. One of the most popular types of coffee in Vietnam today is Robusta. So what are the characteristics of this type of coffee
Besides Robusta coffee, you can refer to the article all knowledge about coffee. From the basic information that is the basis to learn more about coffee.
Robusta at a glance
Robusta coffee is also known as Coffea Canephora. In Vietnam, Robusta is also known as Voi coffee. The difference of this coffee is its high caffeine content, accounting for 3% to 4%. Meanwhile, Arabica coffee accounts for only 1% to 2%.
The trend of growing Robusta coffee is growing thanks to great economic benefits. Robusta coffee trees only need to be from 3 to 4 years old to start harvesting. The life span of the tree lasts from 20 to 30 years.
Robusta historical origins
Robusta coffee was first discovered in Congo in the 1800s. Later, this variety was naturalized in many countries such as Borneo, Polynesia, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Jamaica,… Robusta coffee was introduced to Southeast Asia in 1900 and widely bred and cultivated.
Robusta is also gradually introduced and popularly grown in Vietnam. With a hot and humid climate, suitable elevation and fertile soil. Therefore, this plant grows very well and gives high yields every year.
Robusta production is about 30% of the world’s coffee production, spread across West and Central Africa, Southeast Asia, and parts of South America.
Biological characteristics of Robusta coffee tree
Robusta coffee is suitable for growing in tropical climates. The tree is usually planted at an altitude of less than 1000m above sea level. The ideal temperature ranges from 24 to 29 degrees Celsius. Robusta coffee trees are hydrophilic plants with an average annual rainfall requirement of over 1000mm. In particular, compared to regular coffee, Robusta coffee trees must be grown in more favorable lighting conditions.
Robusta has a trunk height of 4.5 – 6.5m. When it comes to Robusta coffee, people often mention the disease resistance of plants. Unlike conventional crops, Robusta coffee plants possess some characteristics that help resist diseases best.
The plant can be resistant to pathogens, limiting the infestation of white-bodied borers or nematodes. People do not need to spend too much effort and money in eradicating pests and diseases. Besides, the tree also gives high yields, bringing attractive benefits to people.
Robusta coffee growing areas in Vietnam
The most popular Robusta coffee growing provinces include Daklăk, Dak Nong, Lam Dong, Gia Lai with an area of up to 90% of the total coffee cultivation area.
The aforementioned provinces in Vietnam possess a large area of rich basalt red soil. This type of soil has a high looseness, good water retention. Favorable climatic conditions, temperature, and light also contribute to better nutrient absorption by plants. Every year, people harvest a large amount of Robusta coffee beans from here and distribute to other provinces and cities in Vietnam and around the world.
The large area of Robusta coffee cultivation (about 550,000 hectares) is enough to supply both domestic and foreign markets. The price of Robusta coffee in the world is only half of the price of Arabica coffee, so it is very competitive compared to other coffee exporting countries.
Robusta coffee flavor characteristics
The caffeine content of Robusta coffee beans is very high. As introduced above, the caffeine content of this coffee bean ranges from 3% to 4% on average. The fat and sugar content of coffee are also lower than those of others. This characteristic gives Robusta its characteristic rich flavor. They are suitable for filtering or mixing with Arabica to increase the thickness of the coffee.
If you are a connoisseur of coffee, you will notice the characteristics of Robusta coffee compared to other lines on the market. Robusta coffee tastes less sour than Arabica coffee. In addition, Robusta coffee also comes with a characteristic bitter and acrid taste.
New Instant Coffee Products vs Traditional Coffee: Which is Better? – HELENA COFFEE
The debate between new instant coffee and traditional coffee has been ongoing. While conventional coffee offers a rich and authentic taste, fresh instant coffee provides convenience and cost-effectiveness. Ultimately, it comes down to personal preference.
Traditional coffee might be your best option if you value the taste and aroma of freshly brewed coffee. However, if you’re looking for a quick and convenient way to enjoy coffee on the go, new instant coffee products might be a better fit.
Combine Robusta and Arabica for delicious coffee
When enjoying coffee, depending on the viewpoint and preferences that each person often chooses, blend different types of pure coffee beans. Robusta coffee is considered quite dark and bitter. That’s why people often combine Robusta with other types of coffee.
It can be said that Robusta and Arabica are a great combination. There are many ratios to blend these 2 types of coffee such as 7:3, 3:7, 5:5. Drinkers can choose the mixing ratio depending on their preferences and taste. If you like a bitter, creamy taste, mix a little more Robusta coffee. Conversely, you should add more Arabica when you want to enjoy a mild cup of coffee.
Robusta has bitter, rich, non-sour characteristics, very suitable for mixing for traditional taste. Currently, customers can easily enjoy pure coffee at their homes. If you want to order genuine coffee, please contact Bonjour Coffee
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