Robusta coffee Vietnam: Origin and interesting information about Vietnam robusta – is one of the two most popular types of coffee in the world today, next to Arabica coffee. So, what distinguishes Robusta from other types of coffee? Join Helena Coffee Vietnam to discover the origin and fascinating facts about this coffee.
Origin of Vietnamese coffee
Going back in time, back to the origin of coffee, Coffea Canephora or today’s Robusta was found in the Congo – Belgium (Central Africa) in the 19th century.
Originally this was a completed shrub that grew wild along with human development and agriculture; they are as widely documented, studied, and cultivated as they are today.
Besides, another African country, Uganda, also recorded Coffea Canephora is a native tree species occurring in tropical forests. And it was only in the 1900s, through a nursery in Brussels (Belgium), Robusta coffee was imported and grown in Southeast Asian countries.
Robusta coffee was introduced to Southeast Asia in 1900 and was bred and cultivated widely.
Robusta is also gradually introduced and grown popularly in Vietnam. With hot and humid climate, suitable altitude and fertile soil. Therefore, this plant grows very well and gives a high yield every year.
Robusta production is about 30% of the world’s coffee production, spread throughout West and Central Africa, Southeast Asia, parts of South America.
What is the difference in origin of Arabica and Robusta?
Until now, people still think that Robusta is a cousin of the Arabica variety. But recent studies contradict this.
By analyzing the genetic sequence of species of the coffee variety, scientists have discovered that Coffea Canephora has crossed with another species called Coffea Eugenioides to produce Coffea Arabica (Arabica coffee).
Biological characteristics of Robusta coffee Vietnam plants
Robusta coffee Vietnam is suitable for growing in tropical climates. The tree is usually grown at altitudes below 1000m above sea level. The ideal temperature ranges from 24 to 29 degrees Celsius.
Robusta coffee is a water-loving plant with an average annual rainfall requirement of over 1000mm. In particular, compared to regular coffee, Robusta coffee plants must be grown in more favorable light conditions.
Robusta has a trunk height of 4.5 – 6.5m. When it comes to Robusta coffee, people often refer to the plant’s disease resistance. Unlike conventional crops, Robusta coffee plants possess some characteristics that make them the best disease resistant.
Plants can resist pathogens, limit white stem borers or nematodes. People do not need to spend too much effort and money in eliminating pests. Besides, the tree also gives high yield, bringing attractive benefits to farmers.
Robusta coffee flavor characteristics
The caffeine content in Robusta coffee beans is very high. As mentioned above, the caffeine content of this coffee bean ranges from 3% to 4% on average.
The fat and sugar content of coffee is also lower than that of other varieties. This characteristic gives Robusta a distinctive rich flavor. They are suitable for brewing or mixing with Arabica to increase the consistency of the coffee cup.
If you are a coffee connoisseur, you will notice the characteristics of Robusta coffee compared to other lines on the market.
Robusta coffee has a less sour taste than Arabica coffee. In addition, Robusta coffee also comes with a characteristic bitter and acrid taste.
Interesting information about Robusta coffee
Relationship of Robusta and Arabica beans
Robusta has long been considered a cousin of Arabica, but some studies have shown that Robusta may be the “parent” of the Arabica variety.
This result was given after people analyzed the gene sequences of species of the genus Coffea. Accordingly, Coffea canephora was crossed with another species called Coffea euginoides to create the coffee variety Coffea arabica – Arabica.
Identification of Robusta beans
It is easier to identify the beans when you compare them with each other.
For example, if we observe Robusta and Arabica coffee beans, we will see that Arabica has a long (elliptical) shape; the groove in the middle of the bean is usually wavy, and Robusta beans are smaller and slightly rounded, the middle track is straight.
Why is it called Robusta?
The word “robust” in English means “strong,” which also speaks to the nature and flavor of this coffee. Robusta has a bitter taste that you are easily impressed with on the first try. This is also the factor that helps us distinguish between Robusta and Arabica beans – initially having the primary sour taste, not bitter and sweet aftertaste.
The use of coffee is due to its high caffeine content
And Robusta is the type of coffee used commonly because it has a caffeine content of about 2% -2.5%, which is also a reason for the characteristic bitter taste that Vietnam Helena coffee mentioned above.
Robusta coffee Vietnam and Arabica – which coffee is good?
When enjoying coffee, depending on the point of view and preferences that each person often chooses, mixes different types of pure coffee beans. Robusta coffee is considered quite compact and bitter. That is why people often combine Robusta with other types of coffee.
The reason for the fact that Arabica is often rated higher than Robusta, in terms of nutritional composition, according to some analyzes, Arabica beans have a higher percentage of sugar and Lipid than Robusta, but on the contrary, the percentage of Caffeine and Chlorogenic Acid is low than.
After you drink coffee from Robusta beans, you will quickly and feel alert, have a lot of energy, but a lot of caffeine will also cause certain effects to the body.
You will also easily find price comparisons of these two types of coffee beans.
Due to strict planting and care requirements, more limited output, different preliminary and processing processes, Arabica coffee often has a higher price than Robusta coffee.
Combination of Robusta coffee Vietnam and Arabica – Why not?
The ingenuity of the coffee artisans has helped create new coffees that are a fusion of two original coffees.
When changed, the ratio of two types of seeds will produce different flavors; for example, people who like the strong bitter taste of Robusta can adjust this ratio higher and vice versa. We choose the appropriate mixing ratio depending on the style of enjoyment preparation requirements … that we choose the correct mixing ratio.
Robusta is so strong is it harmful to health?
Coffee is only harmful when the beans are not of good quality, roasted, and brewed incorrectly. In fact, coffee is a drink with health benefits if used correctly.
As is known, in Robusta contains a lot of caffeine, which has many good effects. Besides, beneficial minerals and compounds also give drinkers many benefits.
Talking about the good uses of coffee, we can list some points such as:
- Anti-drowsy, make the spirit more refreshing and comfortable.
- Prevent cancer
- Anti-aging and prolonging life
- Weight loss and beauty
- And many more benefits
Coffee is only beneficial when used in moderation and correctly, at most, it should only be 2-3 cups per day. If too much coffee, instead of being useful, it becomes counterproductive, even harmful to health. For example: Insomnia, coffee intoxication, high blood pressure, heat in the body…
How is Robusta coffee consumed in Vietnam market?
It can be said that Robusta coffee beans are very popular in Vietnam. Lots of coffee drinkers along the length of the country.
The reason may be that Robusta has a lower price than Arabica or the supply of robusta is more abundant. But the main reason certainly comes from the culinary habits of Vietnamese people.
Robusta is popular here simply because it meets the preferences of drinkers. Vietnamese cuisine is distinguished by its rich taste due to the habit of using fish sauce and fish sauce.
And Robusta coffee has a bitter, bold, less sour taste with high caffeine content to help keep awake, which has quickly been loved by many people.
In terms of roasting, there are also differences, Robusta coffee must be roasted dark (dark roast) or super dark roast (super dark roast) and in most cases buttered to create the rich flavor of brewed coffee.
Although Robusta coffee is lower than Arabica in economic value. But that doesn’t mean it’s unpopular. Robusta coffee for many years still maintains its position in the market by its superiority in output and taste.
The majority of consumers, still have the habit of drinking strong black – bitter – strong coffee of Robusta; or use it in a recipe.
Therefore, more and more manufacturers pay more attention to improving the quality of Robusta in terms of flavor to satisfy the majority.
The above article of Helena Coffee Vietnam has shared with readers about Robusta coffee production, its origin, natural characteristics, and engaging information around this coffee. See you in the following posts.
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