Coffee From Vietnam: The Story Of Robusta In Vietnam – Vietnamese coffee has long been a popular beverage. Coffee connoisseurs not only taste, but also feel, each type’s distinct flavor.
Robusta coffee is one of the most popular types of coffee from Vietnam nowadays. So, what distinguishes this coffee from others?
Robusta’s Historical Roots
Coffea Canephora is another name for Robusta coffee. This coffee stands out due to its high caffeine concentration, which ranges from 3 to 4 percent. Meanwhile, Arabica coffee only accounts for 1% to 2%.
Due to its significant economic advantages, Robusta coffee cultivation is becoming more popular. For the first harvest, Robusta coffee trees only need to be 3 to 4 years old. The tree has a lifespan of 20 to 30 years.
In the 1800s, the Congo was where Robusta coffee was originally discovered. Following then, this plant became a native in other nations, including Borneo, Polynesia, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Jamaica, and others.
The nation first experienced Robusta coffee, 1900 saw widespread breeding and cultivation throughout Southeast Asia.
Vietnam has also gradually adopted and developed popularized Robusta. with a warm, muggy climate, an appropriate altitude, and fertile soil. Because of this, the plant produces a large harvest each year and grows quite well.
Robusta coffee is grown in West and Central Africa, Southeast Asia, and sections of South America, accounting for around 30% of global coffee production.
Vietnam’s Robusta coffee farming region
With up to 90% of the total coffee cultivation area, Daklak, Dak Nong, Lam Dong, and Gia Lai are the most well-known provinces for growing Robusta coffee.
Rich red basalt soil covers a sizable portion of the aforementioned Vietnamese provinces. High porosity and exceptional water retention capabilities characterize this type of soil.
Better nutrient absorption is also facilitated by a favorable atmosphere, temperature, and lighting.
Robusta coffee beans are harvested in great quantities from here each year and exported to other regions in Vietnam and other countries.
About 550,000 ha of the Robusta coffee growing region are available to supply both domestic and international markets.
Robusta coffee is particularly competitive compared to other countries that export coffee because its global price is only half that of Arabica coffee.
Why Robusta coffee from Vietnam is so much out of products?
The majority of coffee drinkers are aware that Arabica coffee from Vietnam is the best and most expensive. However, Robusta beans, the brother of Arabica coffee, hold the top spot in terms of yield, not Arabica coffee!
Arabica coffee is more difficult to grow than Robusta.
It requires a lower altitude of around 500 meters above sea level, as well as sunshine with temperatures ranging from 24 to 29 degrees Celsius and an annual rainfall of over 1000 millimeters.
Similar to Arabica coffee, Robusta coffee beans can be picked when they are 3–4 years old. The tree produces seeds when it is 20–30 years old.
Robusta coffee beans resemble trees or shrubs; mature trees can reach heights of up to 10 meters. The coffee fruit is shaped like a toilet and has smaller seeds than Arabica. About 2-4 percent of the substance is caffeine.
Robusta coffee beans have a strong bitter flavor, a mild scent, acidic brown water, and a sweet finish.
In comparison to Arabica beans, Robusta coffee beans are being produced in huge quantities in Vietnam. Vietnam produces 1.5 to 1.7 million tons of Robusta coffee at its peak, up to 25 times more than the country produces of arabica coffee (60,000 tons).
Vietnam’s strength is Robusta coffee, which has helped the nation rank first in the world for Robusta coffee exports.
The world’s opinion of Vietnam, the top exporter of Robusta coffee beans, has changed as a result of the shift in the trend of coffee consumption and recognition of the high value of Robusta coffee.
Robusta coffee has evolved into the essence of Vietnamese coffee thanks to the excellent conditions provided by nature.
In Vietnamese market, how is Robusta coffee consumed?
Robusta coffee from Vietnam are arguably very well-liked, numerous coffee drinkers all over the country. The cost difference between Robusta and Arabica or the greater availability of Robusta could be the cause.
But the Vietnamese people’s food habits are undoubtedly the primary cause. Simply because it suits drinkers’ inclinations, Robusta is well-liked here.
Due to the custom of utilizing fish sauce and fish sauce, Vietnamese food is defined by its rich flavor. And many people have grown to appreciate Robusta, which has a bitter, bold, less sour taste and a high caffeine content to help you stay alert.
There are also changes in roasting; for Robusta to have the full-bodied flavor of brewed coffee, it must be roasted dark or super dark roast.
Taste features of Robusta coffee
Robusta coffee from Vietnam have a lot of caffeine in them. As previously indicated, this coffee bean typically contains between 3% and 4% caffeine. Coffee also has a lower fat and sugar content than other drinks.
This feature contributes to the Robusta flavor that distinguishes Robusta. They can be mixed with Arabica to improve the consistency of coffee cups or used to make filters.
A coffee expert will notice the differences between Robusta coffee and other brands on the market. Arabica coffee tastes more sour than Robusta coffee. Additionally, Robusta coffee has a very bitter and caustic flavor.
Combination of Robusta and Arabica coffee from Vietnam
Pick points and preferences that you typically love when drinking coffee, then blend various coffee bean varieties.
Robusta coffee from Vietnam is described as harsh and quite delicious. Because of this, Robusta is frequently blended with other types of coffee.
Robusta and Arabica make a wonderful blend, it might be argued. There are numerous ratios to combine these two varieties of coffee, including 7:3, 3:7, and 5:5. The bar is a typical scale that you and your password can use.
Please add a little more Robusta coffee if the flavor is bitter. On the other hand, if you prefer a more delicate cup of coffee, add more Arabica.
Robusta is a very good choice for creating filters for traditional systems since it has bitter, compact, and non-sour qualities.
Is Robusta coffee from Vietnam so potently unhealthy?
Only poor-quality coffee beans, improperly roasted beans, and improper brewing methods make coffee dangerous. In actuality, if used properly, coffee is a beverage with health advantages.
Robusta, as is well known, has a lot of caffeine, which has numerous beneficial effects. In addition, useful minerals and chemicals offer the drinker a host of advantages.
When discussing the benefits of coffee, some examples include:
- Anti-drowsy, more comfortable and rejuvenating for the spirit.
- Avoid cancer
- life extension and anti-aging
- Beauty and losing weight
- And many more advantages
Only when consumed properly and in moderation, or no more than 2-3 cups a day, is coffee beneficial. If too much coffee is consumed, it becomes hazardous to one’s health and becomes counterproductive.
Why is Arabica typically more expensive than Robusta?
There is a pricing difference between these two types of coffee for two key reasons:
First off, Robusta coffee from Vietnam is more harsh and flavorless than Arabica.
Second, Arabica contains 60% higher fat and fat content than Robusta.
Third, there is only half as much sugar as in Arabica. Arabica obviously has a more varied flavor profile and many more fragrant layers than Robusta.
Robusta is typically processed dry. Arabica coffee, on the other hand, is frequently wet processed using more complex techniques. The fermentation process used in wet processing gives coffee beans its distinctive flavor and rich flavor.
In reality, the wet procedure yields excellent flavor with some premium Robusta coffees.
The economic worth is also obviously considerably higher than usual. As a result, in addition to the variety or culture, harvesting and processing also affect price.
What store sell Robusta coffee from Vietnam?
Helena Coffee is a leading supplier, processor, and exporter of Robusta and Arabica coffee in Vietnam.
In addition, in exports of pepper and coffee to nations across the country, such as South-East Asia, China, and the world, we are regarded as one of the pioneers of success.
Although Robusta coffee is lower than Arabica in commercial worth. But that does not imply that it lacks support. Because of its superiority in output and flavor, Robusta coffee from Vietnam has continued to hold its place in the market for many years.
The majority of consumers still regularly drink or incorporate Robusta coffee into recipes. It is powerful, dark, bitter, and strong. Therefore, in order to satisfy the majority, more and more producers focus on increasing the flavor of Robusta.