What Is Body Coffee? Factors Affecting Body Coffee

Vietnamese Coffee Exporter

What Is Body Coffee? Factors Affecting Body Coffee: This is a time-consuming concept for coffee afic the condos, and even when the Body becomes an important criterion of coffee cupping technique, our understanding of Body coffee is still blind. blur. Why are some coffees rated for better Body than others? And how can we roast or blend to bring out this element of quality?

If you can’t answer any of these questions, that’s why you’re here!

Definitions of Body Coffee (tea)

To start with the simplest way, we can understand Body coffee as the strength or strength of coffee. So the Body only feels the best when the coffee is in full contact with the oral cavity and covers your tongue. If the receptor cells on the tongue receive more of the flavor components in coffee (such as acids, proteins, Carbohydrate components, essential oils, and aromas ..), the more feedback signals that it is a type of coffee. Coffee is “strong” ( heavy body) and conversely, with the “lack” of flavor components, coffee is considered light body.

Measure for Body Coffee (drink)

While the Body is purely an element of taste, this factor is expressed through descriptions of intensity, which you rarely talk about a certain taste. In The Coffee Dictionary,  Maxwell Colonna -Dashwood used opposite pairs of descriptions such as “Heavy Body” or  “Light Body “. About this concept Wikipedia, Wikipedia the properties of Body coffee with milk. When it comes to “Heavy body” we can think of whole milk, while “Light Body” can be compared with skimmed milk.

A professional cupper as defined by SCA will evaluate the body of coffee by a measure of the intensity of the sensation in the mouth, and the richness of flavors that the coffee imparts. Therefore, the Body is considered a positive attribute, so in the Cupping evaluation & scoring technique, the Body has a separate attribute score to evaluate the quality of any coffee.

Classification for Body coffee

As mentioned, Body coffee often goes with quantitative adjectives to describe such as light (or thin) body, medium, heavy (or full) body.

  • Light Body – Bright

A light (or “thin”) body with very little residue or flavor on the tongue. Coffee is grown at low altitudes and in nutrient-deficient soils and ofexhibitsibit Light Body characteristics. Extraction methods that use filter paper to remove oils and solids can result in a brighter and lighter coffee body.

  • Medium body – Medium

An average body falls somewhere between coffee with a “light” and “heavy” body. Since Light body and Heavy body coffees have properties that might be too extreme in one direction or another, a Medium body coffee will offer a balanced texture and are easier to enjoy every day.

  • Heavy Body (or “Full Body”) – Strong

Delivering a strong palate-filling sensation, Heavy Body is the result of the highest levels of coffee’s fat, protein, and fiber combination. Heavy Body is often attributed to shade-grown coffees, especially in volcanic soils with slow growth, and full bean flavor accumulation. On the other hand, a Heavy Body can also be the result of the Espresso mixing technique, Moka pot with the effect of pressure during the preparation process.

Effect of extracts on Body Coffee

If we want to accentuate or minimize the body, we need to know how it is made, and that means focusing on the extraction process.

Through the basics of coffee extraction, most of us know that hot water can only dissolve 18-22% by weight of any raw coffee, and these dissolved substances can be divided into two categories: two groups: soluble and insoluble “solubles” are substances that can be completely dissolved in water. On the other hand, “ insoluble” are solids and oils that remain suspended in the coffee instead of completely dissolving. Insolubles in coffee include proteins, long-chain carbohydrates, and oils found in coffee, which are the main constituents of Body properties.

Why are some coffee cups full-body, others not?

To address the question of why any coffee has a “thicker” body than some other coffees, even though only a handful of coffee varieties have truly outstanding body characteristics. At this point, we need to consider many aspects from coffee processing methods, roasting techniques, brewing techniques, and filte, rs to create a coffee cup with a “fit” body.

From the origin:

Some coffee varieties tend to lean more toward the Body than others. You can read more about this section at perfect dailygrind because these are purely natural characteristics of the variety and are difficult to intervene in the cultivation process, for exa,mple the Maracaturra coffee from El Socorro, Guatemala has a perfect body. fullness and “roundness”. On the other hand, with Pacamara coffee, which is particularly prominent with its fruity flavor has a medium body.

Processing process

If you have a batch of coffee with low body characteristics, you will have three options: accept that fact and enjoy; try to highlight the Body through processing, roasting, and blending; or blend with a higher Body Coffee. This is when we focus on processing to better exploit an existing Body.

Regular wet-processed coffee will have a delicate and “fragile” body (giving brightness and clarity to the palate). For natural dry processing, you will have a strong Body with a fuller feeling. Honey processing also produces the same results as dry processing, in general with the processing processes that retain more of the mucilage on the coffee beans, the more likely you are to increase the Body in your coffee cup.

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Roasting and growth Body coffee

Roasting is a complex combination of coffee qualities with many factors, and a good roaster will control the elements necessary to bring out the flavor potential of a given coffee. Regarding this, perfect dailygrind pointed out that we can tune the Body by controlling the time to the first crack. If done right, prolonging the time to tip crack also prolongs the Maillard reactions in the grain, which can lead to more melanoidin. In return, we have a “thicker” Body.

Finally, the preparation method & body coffee

We are on the cusp of the third coffee wave, a period in which manual extraction methods have been described as holding the “magic wand” of coffee flavor. Take a look at some of the dispensing tools that you can find the necessary Body tweak such as:

– First of all, with a French press or AeroPress you can find flexibility with the ability to influence the soaking time, and with a little pressure to decide to extract as many bodies as you like.

– With Pour over techniques, depending on the type of filter paper, the coffee extract also has different “darkness – light”, some filter papers are designed to enhance the extraction ability to give more oils. (Scent compounds in coffee are mostly in the form of essential oils) pass through, some types reduce bitterness for a brighter body.

– And of course, not to mention Espresso. This type of coffee has a much higher extraction rate than other methods, because espresso relies on pressure from a pump, not gravity, to make water flow through the coffee and carry a lot of the dissolved ingredients with it. into the cup. This pressure creates Crema, a golden-brown foam made up of CO2, oil, and melanoidin – ingredients that help the full body.


Like all things coffee, the understanding and assessment of the Body is also completely personal and based on highly subjective feelings. You may not come across all of the above in your daily cup of coffee (it’s not easy, of course). The best way to learn about the Body is to try several different types of coffee, brew it according to different techniques, and realize which one you love.

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Reference source:

  • www. espressocoffeeguide.com/ Espresso & Coffee Guide
  • www.perfectdailygrind.com/ Coffee Guide: What Is Body? & How Do I Brew & Roast for It?
  • www. specialcoffeeitaly.com/ What is coffee “body”?

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