What Is Arabica Coffee? Characteristics Of Arabica Coffee: Officially present in our country since the 19th century, coffee trees quickly became industrial plants that brought high efficiency and economy.
Currently, in 645,400 hectares (2016 data), coffee cultivation in the country has more than 55,000 hectares of Arabica. Although Many people love arabica coffee products, they are still somewhat limited. Let’s find out what Arabica coffee is.
What is Arabica coffee?
Arabica coffee is internationally known as Coffea Arabica, also known as Tea Coffee. That is a suitable coffee variety at an altitude of 900-2200 m above sea level; the appropriate temperature is 15 to 25 degrees Celsius. The plant has an average elevation of 2-5 m, a large canopy, and small leaves such as tea trees.
About 3-4 years of coffee plants begin to give fruit, flowering time, fruiting, and ripening about nine months. Arabica has about 0.8-1.4% caffeine content, rich taste, slightly sour, fruity taste, honey, sweet, and balanced physicality.
Arabica coffee growing area in Vietnam
When referring to the famous coffee-growing areas in Vietnam, the Central Highlands are famous. Nature has endowed this place with an affluent area of red basalt soil and favorable weather that allows many varieties of coffee, especially Arabica, to grow and develop well.
Lam Dong Province
However, Arabica is also commonly grown in many other parts of the country. In Da Lat, especially in districts such as Đơn Duong, Lam Ha, Duc Trong, Di Linh, and some suburbs of Dalat city, Arabica is the type of sentence that brings the highest economic value taste incredibly delicious. Coffee connoisseurs also say that Arabica Dalat coffee beans are comparable to the best coffee in the world, Moka.
North Vietnam region
In addition, you can come to Yen Bai province for those who want to enjoy the delicious coffee taste in the North. With the cold climate due to the influence of the northeast monsoon and the heavy rainfall of Arabica, the coffee here grows and develops with a characteristic taste extremely unique – strange.
Besides Yen Bai, Son La is also an ideal coffee-growing area. Arabica in Son La is mainly grown on the slopes at the foot of the low mountain range with a perfect height of 900m to 1200m. In particular, the coffee growing area in Chieu Ban, Sinh Ban of Son La.
Although it does not possess red basalt soil and does not locate at the ideal height as the Central Highlands provinces, has a soil type in the red land group. Gold is suitable for coffee plants such as Fk, Fv, and Fs for Arabica and still has robust vitality, good pest resistance, and high productivity.
The central region of Vietnam
Finally, the ideal coffee-growing area in the Central region is Khe Sanh (Quang Tri) and Phu Quy (Nghe An). These are two Catimor-species regions. Although the taste of Arabica is not as sweet as Bourbon Arabica, people appreciate Cartimor to have a deep aroma and a great salty flavor.
The height is suitable for Arabica coffee varieties
As an industrial plant with the requirements of planting conditions to meet the standards, the size directly affects the quality of Arabica coffee beans. Coffee growers say that this is a factor that directly affects the quality and yield of the plant. Therefore, before growing this plant product, you need to consider whether the height is appropriate.
Arabica will give the best quality of coffee beans and high yield, stable when grown at an altitude of 900 to 2200 m above sea level. In addition, the temperature is best for developing this type of coffee from 15 to 25 degrees Celsius.
After about 3 to 4 years of planting, coffee begins to be harvested and brought economically to growers. Although this coffee variety can live up to 70 years in natural conditions, after 25 years, it will usually have a poor harvest.
Arabica processing methods
Depending on the different use of the enemy, people will apply appropriate preliminary methods. The three most common initial methods are dry processing, wet processing, and honey processing.
The average processing time is about a month to reduce humidity to about 13%. Coffee cooked after being harvested will go through the cleansing phase, removing impurities, dirt, soil, and branches; people dry coffee on a high platform. If done correctly, this processing method gives the coffee cup a wealthy, physically thick taste.
Wet processing/ Washed processing
People clean the coffee beans, remove impurities, and rub them fresh by machine to clean a certain amount of dense. After that, the beans are dried or taken to dry and packed. This method of processing has a coffee cup that can be physically balanced.
Honey Processing/Semi Washed
This method is a combination of dry and wet preparation, after rubbing the shell of the preliminary house, the meat of the coffee fruit, and fermenting. Honey processing makes the coffee cup taste sweet, physically smooth, and mildly sour.
Quality, taste, and caffeine content of Arabica coffee
It is no coincidence that Arabica is loved and enjoyed by the world as one of today’s most popular drinks. Coffee connoisseurs often comment that Arabica has a characteristic flavor hybrid that no coffee variety has. Arabica coffee beans, when first drunk, bring a sour feeling due to acidity when soaked with water. But then they quickly turn to a mildly bitter state, and that is the after.
When making pure, clean coffee light brown, amber is characteristic and incredibly charming. Coffee connoisseurs especially love Arabica in Europe, and they often appear under typical dishes such as Espresso, Cappuccino, and Latte.
Arabica has less caffeine, only about 1.5%, much less than Robusta beans. Therefore, many people do not choose it as the perfect start because Arabica is not addictive.
With the series of information that we provide above, I believe that you have the most detailed information about Arabica. Enjoy the taste of this high-quality coffee, and let us know what you feel!