What Does Green Bean Mean? The word “green bean” is frequently used and has numerous definitions. Therefore, what does “green bean” mean?
Green beans are young, unripe fruits of various cultivars of the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris), although immature or young pods of the runner bean (Phaseolus coccineus), yardlong bean (Vigna unguiculata subsp. sesquipedalis), and hyacinth bean (Lablab purpureus) are used similarly.
Green beans are known by many common names, including French beans (or the French: haricot vert), string beans (although most modern varieties are “stringless”), and snap beans or snap. In the Philippines, they are also known as Baguio beans or habichuelas to distinguish them from yardlong beans.
They are distinguished from the wide other varieties of beans in that green beans are harvested and consumed with their enclosing pods before the bean seeds inside have fully matured. An analogous practice is harvesting and consuming unripened pea pods, as is done with snow peas or sugar snap peas.
As typical food in many countries, green beans are sold fresh, canned, and frozen. They can be eaten raw or steamed, boiled, stir-fried, or baked. They are commonly cooked in other dishes, such as soups, stews, and casseroles. Green beans can be pickled, similarly to cucumbers.
A dish with green beans common throughout the northern US, particularly at Thanksgiving, is green bean casserole, a dish of green beans, cream of mushroom soup, and French-fried onions.
Some US restaurants serve green beans that are battered and fried, such as green bean tempura. Another popular dish, coo, consists solely of bean seeds removed from their enclosing pods. As vegetable chips, green beans are also sold dried or fried with vegetables such as carrots, corn, and peas.
Raw green beans are 90% water, 7% carbohydrates, 2% protein, and contain little fat (table). In a 100-gram (3.5 oz) reference amount, raw green beans supply 31 calories and are a moderate source (range 10-19% of the Daily Value) of vitamin C, vitamin K, vitamin B6, and manganese (table). Other micronutrients are in low supply.
The Britannica Dictionary
A type of bean whose long green seed cases are eaten as a vegetable when they are young and tender
green bean (noun): immature bean pod is eaten as a vegetable
green bean (noun): a common bean plant cultivated for its slender green edible pods
Green bean: the immature green pod of the kidney bean, eaten as a vegetable.