What is Robusta Coffee Beans?

Vietnamese Coffee Exporter
Robusta Green Coffee Beans From Helena Coffee Vietnam

Robusta Coffee Beans From Vietnam: Vietnam is currently the world’s largest exporter of Robusta coffee. Why does Vietnam’s robusta coffee have such a large quantity? What makes Vietnamese coffee special in the eyes of international friends? Let’s find out with Helena Coffee to answer these questions.

What is Robusta Coffee Beans?

Robusta coffee is grown frequently in low mountainous places because it enjoys sunshine and tropical climates. This particular coffee type exhibits excellent disease resistance. Robusta coffee beans have a distinctively bitter flavor and a lot of caffeine.

Robusta green coffee is the main export from Vietnam, which places it first in the world for robusta coffee exports and second overall for coffee exports.

Robusta Green Coffee Beans From Helena Coffee Vietnam
What is Robusta Coffee Beans?

Vietnam is renowned for jackfruit coffee (Coffee Liberia & Excelsa), culi coffee/cherry coffee, and Arabica and Robusta (peaberry). Culi coffee is a mutant form of popular coffee kinds like Arabica or Robusta, with just one coffee bean present as opposed to two. Because of this, Culi coffee contains more caffeine than usual.

Robusta coffee beans classifications

Processing method

The seeds of the coffee cherry, a little, vivid fruit, are what we use to make and consume coffee daily. Each cherry has two sources inside it (unless it’s a peaberry, in which case there is just one giant, spherical seed).

This implies that the first step after harvesting the fruit is to remove the seeds in order to create a cup of coffee, but it’s much easier said than done.

Each coffee fruit has multiple layers: the outer skin (pulp) or exocarp; the mucilage or mesocarp, a soft, sticky layer that contributes significantly to the sweetness of the coffee; a papery layer or endocarp known as parchment; and the silverskin, a membrane that encases the two seeds.

There are three methods of coffee processing commonly used today, dry processing, wet processing, and honey processing.

Accordingly, green coffee is divided into three main types:

Bean size

Grading by grain size is increasingly used in the coffee business; while there may be regional variations in practical application, this methodology is generally accepted in many nations. Which, after drying, will have perforated metal plates of various sizes, ranging from 8 to 20/64 inches.

Rarely are sieve diameters measured in millimeters rather than on a scale of 1/64 of an inch. In other words, sieve 18 indicates 18/64 inches, while sieve 16 is 6.3mm when measured in mm.

Robusta Green Coffee Beans From Helena Coffee Vietnam
What is Robusta Coffee Beans?

Every country that produces coffee uses the same size sieve, although the names are radically different. For instance, a particularly colossal bean (19–20 1/64 inch) is referred to as Supremo in Colombia and AA in Africa.

The beans that remain on the 18/64 inch sieve after placing a handful of green coffee beans on it are known as sieve 18, whereas the beans that fall through and land on the 16/64 inch sieve are known as sieve 16.

But it’s unlikely that this categorization is entirely correct (For example, due to the high density, some particles are small but cannot fall). As a result, SCA‘s grading method permits a 5% deviation from sieve measurements (i.e., in 100 beans on sieve 18, there are allowed five smaller or larger beans).

The taste of Vietnamese Robusta coffee beans

It is a coffee with a large output in Vietnam, grown mainly in the Central Highlands.

The taste of Robusta coffee is quite strong, with a strong bitter taste, not sour, mild aroma, light brown water, and sufficient caffeine content.

Their flavor is described as very similar to oatmeal. Smelling unroasted Robusta coffee will smell like fresh peanuts; when roasted with pure wood, there will be a faint aroma; the taste of Robusta coffee ranges from neutral to very harsh.

Why do Vietnam’s robusta coffee beans have large quantities?

To answer this question, let’s consider the natural conditions of the Central Highlands, the largest coffee-growing region in Vietnam. This is the place with the most suitable climate and soil for growing robusta.

Fertile basalt soil, a tropical climate, is divided into rainy and dry seasons. Along with that are the experience of growing coffee that many generations of people in the Central Highlands have produced delicious and quality Robusta coffee beans.

And yet, the Central Highlands has high air humidity for coffee trees to grow. The low rainfall here also reduces the growth of many types of insects. The high-temperature difference between day and night (hot sunny days, chilly nights) helps coffee grown in this area taste better.


Robusta Coffee Beans
Robusta Coffee Beans in Central Highland Vietnam

One of the most favorable characteristics that the Central Highlands is favored by nature to grow the country’s largest coffee area is basalt red soil.

Accordingly, the soil in the Central Highlands is more than 80% basalt red soil with fertile, fresh, and porous characteristics that are suitable for developing industrial crops, especially coffee trees. Also, because of the favorable soil characteristics, growers save the cost of buying fertilizer or watering for coffee trees to grow.

In addition to robusta coffee’s quantity and distinctive flavor, Vietnam has several coffee brewing methods that bring out a rich and delicious taste that many foreign guests still often mention, such as filter coffee and coffee.

If you want to buy robusta green coffee to enjoy that exceptional taste, please contact Helena Coffee. We will provide you with the finest quality coffee beans and help you make delicious Vietnamese-style filter coffee.

Robusta Coffee Beans Specifications

Specification Moisture Admixture Black & Broken On sieve screen
VIETNAM ROBUSTA COFFEE R1 S18 WP 12.5 % max 0.1 % max 0.4 % max 90% min
VIETNAM ROBUSTA COFFEE R1 S18 CLEAN 12.5 % max 0.1 % max 0.4 % max 90% min
VIETNAM ROBUSTA COFFEE R1 S18 12.5 % max 0.5 % max 2 % max 90% min
VIETNAM ROBUSTA COFFEE R1 S16 WET POLISHED 12.5 % max 0.1 % max 0.4 % max 90% min
VIETNAM ROBUSTA COFFEE R1 S16 CLEAN 12.5 % max 0.5 % max 0.4 % max 90% min
VIETNAM ROBUSTA COFFEE R1 S16 12.5 % max 0.5 % max 2 % max 90% min
VIETNAM ROBUSTA COFFEE R2 S13 13% max 1.5 % max 5 % max 90% min
Packing: New Jute bags 60kgs net/  Container Capacity: 19.2 tons/20ft

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