A peaberry is a coffee bean that usually has two kernels, but the fruit sometimes has only one seed. These seeds are more significant and rounder than conventional kernels and are called Peaberry (or Culi coffee in Vietnam).
Check out these coffee terms:
- Density – Particle Density
- Mucilage – Mucus
- Parchment – Rice husk
- Pulp – The Flesh
- Quakers – Young Kernels
- Silverskin – Silk Shell
Peaberry bean typically makes up only 1-9% of most coffee varieties, with outstanding, strong taste properties and rich aroma compared to familiar sources of the same type. Peaberry seeds are often separated and sold at a higher price. Some world-famous Peaberry hats come from Kenya, Tanzania, and Hawaii…
When roasted, Peaberryseeds are separated from ordinary flat coffee beans, to ensure consistency, as the seeds can weigh larger.
Experts recognize peaberry coffee as having a different taste than coffee from ordinary nuts in the same harvest because of the other grain shapes that lead to different roasting characteristics. Some references suggest that Peaberry coffee often has a deeper sour taste and a more complex scent but is lighter than coffee made from usually shaped seeds from the same batch.
However, the assertion that peaberry beans taste better than regular coffee beans has yet to be proven.
Special features of Vietnamese Peaberry coffee
Peaberry is full of coffee beans with only one seed in a fruit: bitter taste, high caffeine content, and wavy black water. Usually, a coffee fruit has two kernels (2 coffee beans) and a flat shape, but due to a mutation, the coffee tree produces only one bean (1 bean). When the coffee has only one bean, they develop into a fuller round shape.
To ensure coffee roasting, Peaberry coffee is separated and roasted separately. After being separated from flat coffee beans, Peaberry coffee will be sold as a separate coffee line. The price of Peaberry coffee is often higher than the price of coffee of the same type.
The taste of Peaberry coffee
Unique, tender, with an aftertaste, depth, and “personality” with its features… much more prominent than other coffee beans in the same crop. Due to its rare production and mainly its sweet and unique taste, Peaberry coffee is called a “pearl” by coffee lovers in the coffee kingdom. Peaberry mutant coffee is relatively rare, accounting for 2-4% of the crop.