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Types Of Coffee: Beans, Roasts, Drinks. Time To Get Geeky To Explore Now !

Some of the world's most famous quality coffee types 2

Types Of Coffee: Different types of coffee encompass the variety of coffee plants, roast levels, brewing methods, and drink preparations. Coffee drinks are broadly classified into hot and cold categories. These variations depend on the base coffee type, the addition of milk, the coffee-to-milk ratio, and other ingredients used.

What Are the Types of Coffee Beans?

Coffee beans are primarily categorized into four types: Arabica, Robusta, Liberica, and Excelsa. These represent the main species of the coffee plant, with Arabica and Robusta being the most prevalent, accounting for 90% of global coffee production.

1. Arabica

Arabica is the most widely grown coffee type, constituting around 60% of the market. These beans thrive at high altitudes in volcanic soils with ample rainfall but are more susceptible to disease. Arabica beans are oval-shaped and larger than Robusta beans. Varieties like Bourbon, Caturra, Pacamara, and Typica offer diverse flavors, generally sweeter and more complex, with medium body and bright acidity.

2. Robusta

Robusta coffee makes up about 40% of global coffee production. These beans are hardier, grow at lower altitudes, and have a higher caffeine content. Robusta beans are smaller, rounder, and produce a coffee with a dark, earthy taste and bitter notes. While considered less refined than Arabica, they add complexity to blends.

3. Liberica

Liberica beans are rare, accounting for less than 2% of global production. These trees grow up to 20 meters high, and the beans are distinctively long with a hook shape. Liberica coffee has a unique flavor profile, combining fruity, floral, and smoky notes with a full body.

4. Excelsa

Excelsa, a subtype of Liberica, grows on tall trees and has teardrop-shaped beans. It offers a unique taste, featuring sweet, fruity flavors with tart acidity.

What Are the Types of Coffee Roasts?

Coffee roasts determine the characteristics of the beans and their suitability for various brewing methods.

1. Light Roast

Light roast beans are pale brown with no surface oil, preserving the beans’ natural flavors with fruity and floral notes. Ideal for pour-over brewing.

2. Medium Roast

Medium roast beans are medium brown with a balanced flavor profile, including sweetness, nuttiness, and moderate acidity. Suitable for drip machines and cold brew.

3. Medium-Dark Roast

Medium-dark roast beans are dark brown with some oil, offering deep chocolate and nutty flavors with a bittersweet aftertaste. Best for French press, Moka pot, or espresso.

4. Dark Roast

Dark roast beans are black with visible oil, providing a bold, bitter flavor with heavy mouthfeel and no acidity. Popular for espresso.

What Are the Types of Brewed Coffee?

Brewing methods include pressure, immersion, filtration, and decoction, with common coffee makers like drip machines, espresso machines, pour-over brewers, and French press.

1. Drip Coffee

Drip coffee, made in an automatic drip machine, offers a mild and straightforward flavor. It’s popular for its simplicity and ability to brew large batches.

2. Pour Over Coffee

Pour-over coffee, made manually, provides a clean, crisp taste with complex flavors due to the controlled brewing process.

3. Espresso

Espresso is brewed under high pressure for a strong, concentrated flavor. Variations include ristretto, lungo, and doppio.

4. Cold Brew

Cold brew uses cold water for a smooth, sweet taste with low acidity, brewed by steeping grounds in cold water for 18-24 hours.

 What Are the Types of Coffee Drinks?

Coffee drinks vary by base coffee type, milk addition, coffee-to-milk ratio, and additional ingredients, and are classified into hot and cold categories.

1. Cappuccino

Made with equal parts espresso, steamed milk, and milk foam, often topped with cinnamon or chocolate powder for a smooth, sweet taste.

2. Espresso

A strong, concentrated coffee brewed by forcing hot water through finely-ground coffee under high pressure.

3. Americano

Espresso diluted with hot water, resulting in a less concentrated taste than espresso but more complex than drip coffee.

4. Cortado

Equal parts espresso and steamed milk, offering a strong flavor balanced by the milk.

5. Red Eye

A shot of espresso added to drip coffee for a strong coffee taste and extra caffeine.

6. Latte

Espresso topped with steamed milk and a small amount of milk foam, for a sweeter, creamier taste.

7. Macchiato

Espresso with a small amount of steamed milk or foam, offering a strong espresso flavor tempered slightly by milk.

8. Flat White

A double shot of espresso topped with steamed milk, without foam, for a strong coffee taste.

9. Cafe Au Lait

Prepared with either espresso and warm milk (European style) or concentrated drip coffee and steamed milk (American style).

10. Irish Coffee

A blend of strong brewed coffee, whiskey, brown sugar, and topped with whipped cream.

11. Turkish Coffee

A robust and sweet coffee made by boiling water, sugar, and extra-fine coffee grounds together.

12. Italian Coffee

Typically made with Arabica beans, Italian-style coffee is roasted dark for a strong flavor and body.

Types Of Coffee: In conclusion

For all the coffee enthusiasts out there, coffee represents more than just a beverage or a method of brewing. It embodies a passion and an identity. So, if you consider yourself part of this community, delve deep into the world of coffee, explore its nuances, and embrace the journey of discovering this delightful caffeinated elixir.


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