The Great History Of Coffee: Origin and Discovery

Vietnamese Coffee Exporter
History Of Coffee

THistory Of Coffee: he tale of coffee’s origins is nothing short of captivating. For centuries, this humble bean has traversed the globe, evading strict regulations and even being pilfered from the elites. Its journey has reshaped entire nations and economies, transforming into the world’s second-largest traded commodity.

Have you ever pondered the beginnings of coffee, its origins rooted in Ethiopia’s modest trees? Prepare to embark on a fascinating journey through time and across continents.

The tale of coffee’s journey begins in Ethiopia, where the beans were first discovered. From there, the bean’s voyage across continents unfolded, shaping the world’s history and economies.

The Legend of Kaldi

The story of coffee’s origin often starts with Kaldi, an Ethiopian goat herder in 700 AD. He noticed his goats acting strangely after consuming red berries, leading him to the discovery of coffee. This tale is not just about the beans; it’s also about the birth of the world’s first roasted coffee.

Crossing the Red Sea

Coffee’s next stop was Yemen in the 15th century, where it arrived via the port city of Mocha. The popularity of coffee grew rapidly, spreading to Egypt, Persia, and Turkey. Coffeehouses, known as “Schools of the Wise,” became social hubs, but faced bans due to their stimulating effects, sparking riots until the bans were lifted.

Spreading East and West

Coffee’s influence extended eastward to India and Indonesia, and westward to Europe. Baba Budan, an Indian saint, smuggled fertile beans to India, initiating large-scale coffee cultivation. In Europe, coffee gained popularity in Venice and spread rapidly, leading to the emergence of coffeehouses across England, Austria, France, Germany, and Holland. These establishments became centers of intellectual discourse and social gatherings.

History Of Coffee in England

In England, coffeehouses, known as “penny universities,” offered intellectual discussions for the price of a cup of coffee. The Oxford Coffee Club, for instance, later evolved into The Royal Society. However, not everyone welcomed coffee’s rise; women, feeling neglected as their husbands frequented coffeehouses, petitioned against coffee in an attempt to bring them back home.

From its humble beginnings in Ethiopia to its global proliferation, coffee’s journey has been nothing short of extraordinary, leaving an indelible mark on societies worldwide.

History Of Coffee in France

France’s tryst with coffee began in 1669 when the Turkish Ambassador to Paris introduced the beverage to the Royal Court during his tenure with Louis XIV. This encounter led Paris to embrace coffee fervently, marking the start of its love affair with the brew.

History Of Coffee in Austria

Austria’s first coffeehouse opened in 1683 after the Battle of Vienna. The victory over the Turks, who left behind surplus coffee, led to the establishment of the first coffee shop in Austria. Here, the practice of adding milk and sugar to coffee became popularized.

History Of Coffee in America

Coffee’s journey to the Americas marked its final frontier. In the early 18th century, the Dutch gifted a young coffee plant to King Louis XIV of France in 1714. Captain Gabriel Mathieu de Clieu, entrusted with safeguarding the plant, smuggled it to Martinique, where coffee cultivation thrived. The plantations soon spread to other Caribbean islands and eventually to Central and South America.

History Of Coffee in Brazil

Brazil’s coffee empire owes its beginnings to Colonel Francisco de Melo Palheta, who smuggled coffee clippings from French Guiana in 1727. This clandestine act laid the foundation for Brazil to become the largest coffee producer globally.

America’s association with coffee dates back to the 18th century, catalyzed by events like the Boston Tea Party in 1773, which elevated coffee as the patriotic beverage of choice. Since then, the United States has been the leading importer of coffee, driving economic growth in coffee-producing regions.

The 19th century witnessed coffee’s global dominance, accompanied by innovations in roasting, packaging, and brewing. The industrial revolution gave birth to the percolator in 1818, followed by advancements in coffee roasting technology by Jabez Burns in 1864. John Arbuckle’s invention of a machine for packaging coffee in paper bags revolutionized mass coffee production in 1871.

Maxwell House, founded in 1886, and the invention of the first espresso machine by Luigi Bezzera in 1901 further transformed the coffee industry. Desiderio Pavoni’s improvements to the espresso machine in 1905, followed by Achille Gaggia’s piston-driven espresso machine in the 1940s, marked significant milestones in coffee brewing technology.

The development of the espresso machine in 1901 led to the creation of crema, a characteristic layer atop espresso shots, and marked the birth of the cappuccino.

In 1908, drip coffee took a leap forward when Melitta Bentz, a German housewife, invented the first paper coffee filter using her son’s school papers, laying the groundwork for modern drip coffee brewing.

The invention of instant coffee emerged in the early 1900s when Nestle devised a method to freeze-dry coffee waste from Brazil, resulting in Nescafe, the world’s leading instant coffee brand.

During the 1920s prohibition era in the United States, coffee sales soared, fueled further by the Science Newsletter’s declaration of coffee’s health benefits in 1926.

The Second Wave of Coffee

The 1960s witnessed another coffee revolution with the emergence of specialty coffee. Alfred Peet, a Dutch-American, introduced his family’s coffee roasting craft to California in 1966, laying the groundwork for specialty coffee in the United States.

In 1971, Starbucks was founded in Seattle, initially focusing solely on selling coffee beans. However, under the leadership of Howard Schultz, who joined in 1982, Starbucks transitioned into a global coffeehouse chain, revolutionizing the cafe experience worldwide.

Schultz’s vision for Starbucks was inspired by the espresso culture he experienced in Italy, leading to the introduction of coffee beverages and the establishment of Starbucks as a community gathering place.

Despite any personal opinions on Starbucks, its influence cannot be denied. It spearheaded the second wave of coffee culture, emphasizing the importance of freshly roasted and brewed coffee.

History Of Coffee: Today, the coffee industry continues to evolve, with a growing emphasis on quality, sustainability, and the improvement of coffee farmers’ livelihoods. The rise of micro-roasted coffee beans and single-cup pour-over methods reflects consumers’ desire for better coffee experiences. As the industry progresses, there is still ample opportunity for further innovation and improvement.

The Coffee Phenomenon

Coffee’s journey across continents has been nothing short of extraordinary. Today, it stands as the second most traded commodity globally, surpassed only by oil. With a staggering consumption of four hundred billion cups annually, coffee has firmly entrenched itself in our daily lives, promising to remain a staple for generations to come.

Coffee’s impact on the world is undeniable. From its humble beginnings with ancient monks and goat herders experimenting with raw coffee berries to the modern-day barista competitions and intricate latte art, coffee has woven itself into the fabric of human history.

Speculating on coffee’s trajectory in the next century is both thrilling and uncertain. While it’s hard to envision improvements upon the rich coffee culture we enjoy today, the ever-resilient coffee bean is bound to surprise us with new innovations and trends, continuing its legacy of shaking up the world’s beverage scene.